All this influences are discussed in detail on this outline. Students may further attribute their poor grade to their busy schedule or other external, situational factors rather than their lack of motivation, interest, or preparation internal attributions.
I always encourage my students to include supporting material in their speeches that defies our expectations. You learned new concepts like grades and recess, and you engaged in new practices like doing homework, studying, and taking tests.
But how accurate were your impressions. What schemata do you think contributed to each of your interpretations. Aside from differences in reactions to basic information we take in through our senses, there is also cultural variation in how we perceive more complicated constructs, like marriage, politics, and privacy.
Perception is the active process that assists an individual in creating a reliable meaning by selecting, organizing and interpreting various different phenomena Wood, As communicators, we can use this knowledge to our benefit by minimizing distractions when we have something important to say.
In some situations, personal characteristics, such as our abilities, personality, and other distinguishing features, will best describe who we are.
In many cases we know what interests us and we automatically gravitate toward stimuli that match up with that. Thus the self-serving bias A perceptual error through which we overattribute the cause of our successes to internal personal factors while overattributing our failures to external factors beyond our control.
The halo effect Perceptual effect that occurs when initial positive perceptions lead us to view later interactions as positive. We cannot always tell whether or not someone is culturally like us through visual cues. Organizing Information Organizing The second part of the perception process, in which we sort and categorize information that we perceive based on innate and learned cognitive patterns.
The horn effect Perceptual effect that occurs when initial negative perceptions lead us to view later interactions as negative. For example, we tend to view people we perceive to be like us as more trustworthy, friendly, and honest than people we perceive to be not like us.
Proximity also plays into police work. This process affects our communication because we respond to stimuli differently, whether they are objects or persons, based on how we perceive them.
They never know when a traffic stop could turn into a pursuit or a seemingly gentle person could turn violent. Social comparisons are based on two dimensions: Recognize the roles that culture and personality play in the perception of others.
Think about how your communication with someone might differ if he or she were introduced to you as an artist versus a doctor. Finally, the material objects and people that surround a person influence our perception. In either case, we have a tendency to favor others who exhibit cultural or personality traits that match up with our own.
According to Davis, Fanning and McKayp. As we organize information sensory information, objects, and people we simplify and categorize information into patterns. Discuss how salience influences the selection of perceptual information.
The professor-student relationship offers a good case example of how these concepts can play out. Specifically, during police-citizen encounters, where tensions may be high and time for decision making limited, officers rely on schemata developed through personal experience off the job and training and experience on the job.
Why did my neighbor slam the door when she saw me walking down the hall. We also tend to assume that people have similar attitudes, or likes and dislikes, as us. In general people find symmetrical faces and nonoverweight bodies attractive.
Conversely, nonverbal adaptors, or nervous movements we do to relieve anxiety like pacing or twirling our hair, can be distracting.
This research has found that officers, like us, rely on schema to help them make decisions under time and situational constraints. Over time, we learned the patterns of letters and sounds and could see combinations of letters and pronounce the word quickly.
This process, which is shown in Figure 2. As we are socialized into various cultural identities, we internalize beliefs, attitudes, and values shared by others in our cultural group.
Now that you aware of these common errors, you can monitor them more and engage in perception checking, which we will learn more about later, to verify your attributions. As you progressed through your education, your schema adapted to the changing environment.
For example, you might consider yourself a member of the Sigma Phi Epsilon fraternity, a Southerner, or a member of the track team.
New Harbinger DeVito, J. FACTORS INFLUENCING PERCEPTION Perception is our sensory experience of the world around us and involves both the recognition of environmental stimuli and actions in response to these stimuli.
Through the perceptual process, we gain information about properties and elements of the environment that are critical to our survival. Free Perception papers, essays, and research papers.
Visual Perception and Visual Imagery - If visual imagery and visual perception shared many of the same processes, then much of what is known to date about perception may be used and adapted to be able to understand the more internal and ambiguous process of visual imagery.
These societal and cultural differences are what create the perception factors that affect communication today. Depending on what level or status you hold in society determines how you feel about certain things as well as how you view others. Societal Influences On Communication And Perception Words | 5 Pages Juan Gutierrez (David) Ms.
Wilson L. COT Communications Final Project Societal Influences on Communication and Perception In life communication skills are fundamental to success in life in many parts.
These societal and cultural differences are what create the perception factors that affect communication today. Depending on what level or status you hold in society determines how you feel about certain things as well as how you view others.
The elements which determines those factors (perceiver, target and situation) are stated in order to give a crystal clear idea on perception. Attribution theory of person perception is discussed with examples and the determinants of attribution is discussed also the errors in attribution theory is analyzed.Societal influences on communication and perception essay